Epilepsy is a common neurological condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Despite its prevalence, many people with epilepsy still face discrimination and lack of access to appropriate care and treatment.


What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a chronic noncommunicable disease of the brain that affects around 50 million people worldwide. It is characterized by recurrent seizures, which are brief episodes of involuntary movement that may involve a part of the body (partial) or the entire body (generalized) and are sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness and control of bowel or bladder function.

Epilepsy can cause a variety of symptoms, including convulsions, loss of consciousness, and muscle contractions. The frequency and severity of seizures can vary greatly from person to person and can be influenced by various factors, such as stress, lack of sleep, and certain medications.

Epilepsy can develop at any age, but it is most commonly diagnosed in children and adult. The exact cause of epilepsy is not always known, but it can be caused by factors such as brain injury, stroke, infections, and genetic factors.

It is important for people with epilepsy to receive proper diagnosis and treatment to manage their condition and improve their quality of life. By raising awareness about epilepsy and reducing its stigma, we can help to ensure that people with epilepsy receive the support and resources they need to lead healthy and fulfilling lives.


Treatment of Epilepsy


Seizures can be controlled. Up to 70% of people living with epilepsy could become seizure-free with the appropriate use of anti-seizure medicines. Discontinuing anti-seizure medicine can be considered after 2 years without seizures and should take into account relevant clinical, social, and personal factors. A documented etiology of the seizure and an abnormal electroencephalography (EEG) pattern are the two most consistent predictors of seizure recurrence. It is possible to diagnose and treat most people with epilepsy at the primary healthcare level without the use of sophisticated equipment. Surgery might be beneficial to patients who respond poorly to drug treatments.


Why do we celebrate International Epilepsy Day?


International Epilepsy Day is celebrated annually on the second Monday of February to raise awareness about epilepsy and to reduce the stigma associated with the condition. The purpose of the day is to bring attention to the challenges faced by people living with epilepsy and to promote understanding and support for those affected.

International Epilepsy Day provides an opportunity for advocacy organizations, healthcare providers, and individuals with epilepsy to come together to educate the public about the condition, raise awareness about its impact, and call for improved access to quality care and support for people living with epilepsy.


Step Up Against the Stigma of Epilepsy

Overcoming the stigma of epilepsy requires a collective effort from individuals, families, healthcare providers, and the wider community. Here are some steps that can be taken to help reduce the impact of epilepsy stigma:


Share accurate information about epilepsy to help dispel myths and misconceptions. 

Participate in epilepsy awareness campaigns and events to help raise awareness and educate the public about the condition.

Advocate for policies and laws that promote equality and support for people with epilepsy, such as workplace accommodations and accessible healthcare.

Encourage people with epilepsy to speak openly about their experiences, and support them in doing so. This can help to reduce feelings of isolation and break down the stigma surrounding the condition.

Speak out against negative attitudes and stereotypes about epilepsy, and work to promote understanding and respect.

Support organizations and initiatives that are working to find a cure for epilepsy and improve the lives of those affected by it.


By celebrating International Epilepsy Day, we can work towards a future where everyone with epilepsy has the support and resources they need to live full and healthy lives.


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