In a move to cater to the diverse aptitudes and interests of students, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India has introduced two levels of mathematics in class 10th. This initiative, implemented from the academic session 2019-20, offers students the choice between Mathematics-Basic and Mathematics-Standard. In this blog post, we will explore the implications of this decision and address frequently asked questions to provide a comprehensive understanding of the two levels.



Mathematics-Basic is designed for students who do not intend to pursue mathematics as a core subject in higher classes. Here is what you need to know:


a) Syllabus: The syllabus and textbooks for Mathematics-Basic are the same as Mathematics-Standard. Students will cover a range of topics during classroom teaching and internal assessments.


b) Examination Difficulty: The Mathematics-Basic question paper is designed to be easier compared to Mathematics-Standard. It aims to reduce the pressure on students who do not plan to pursue mathematics in the future.


c) Career Path: Mathematics-Basic is suitable for students who do not require mathematics as a core subject for their desired career paths, such as humanities or certain vocational courses.



Mathematics-Standard is the traditional mathematics course offered by the CBSE Board. It is intended for students who have a keen interest in mathematics or plan to pursue science, engineering, or commerce streams in higher education. Lets explore the features of Mathematics-Standard:


a) Syllabus: The syllabus for Mathematics-Standard is the same as Mathematics-Basic. Students will cover the entire range of topics to provide a comprehensive foundation for advanced mathematical studies.


b) Examination Difficulty: The Mathematics-Standard question paper assesses higher mathematical abilities compared to Mathematics-Basic. It challenges students with complex problem-solving and analytical thinking.


c) Career Path: Mathematics-Standard is essential for students planning to pursue mathematics as a core subject in higher classes or those aiming for careers in fields that require advanced mathematical skills.


Addressing Frequently Asked Questions:


To clarify common queries regarding the two levels of mathematics, lets address frequently asked questions:


Difference between Levels: Mathematics-Standard assesses higher mathematical abilities compared to Mathematics-Basic, but the syllabus remains the same for both.


Burden on Students: The introduction of two levels does not increase the burden on students. The option to choose either level is provided to reduce pressure and cater to individual preferences.


Dilution of Syllabus: The syllabus and teaching for both levels remain the same, ensuring that the mathematics curriculum is not diluted.


Opting for Both Levels: Students can choose only one level, either Mathematics-Standard or Mathematics-Basic.


Continuing Mathematics in Higher Classes: To continue studying mathematics in class XI and XII, students need to pass Mathematics-Standard at the class X level.


Qualifying for Mathematics in Class XI/XII: Students who qualify only Mathematics-Basic in class X cannot opt for mathematics in class XI/XII. To pursue mathematics, they must pass Mathematics-Standard.


Changing Level after Result: If a student has registered for the Basic Level Exam but wishes to appear for the Standard Level after the result declaration, they can do so in the compartment examination.



The introduction of two levels of mathematics in class 10th by the CBSE Board provides students with the flexibility to choose a level that aligns with their interests and future aspirations. Mathematics-Basic offers a more accessible path for those not intending to pursue mathematics as a core subject, while Mathematics-Standard prepares students for advanced mathematical studies.